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 The Newsletter of the Australian False Memory Association

 Part 1

 Concerning Recovered Memories

 Volume 6 No 3 November 1999


 | Part2 | Part3 |


Inside This Issue

  • "Govt Services" and Two Parents' Agony
  • Retractors poignant story
  • Wenatchee Haunted by Investigations
  • NSW Sex Abuse Phone-in Disappoints
  • Glib Liar Dupes Germany's Elite
  • State News




In our previous issue [Vol6 No 2] we published an extract from the report of the Working Party commissioned by the Royal College of Psychiatrists concerning recovered memories. In this issue we draw attention to the guidelines issued by the Royal College of Psychiatrists in the extracts below.
Psychiatric Bulletin [1997]. 21. 663-665.

Recommendations for good practice
[a] The welfare of the patient is the first concern of the psychiatrist. Concern for the needs of family members and others may also be necessary, within the constraints imposed by the need for confidentiality.
[c] Psychiatrists are advised to avoid engaging in any memory recovery techniques which are based on the expectation of past sexual abuse of which the patient has no memory. Such memory recovery techniques may include drug-mediated interviews, hypnosis, regression therapies, guided imagery, 'body memories', literal dream interpretation and journaling. There is no evidence that the use of consciousness altering techniques such as drug-mediated interviews or hypnosis can reveal or accurately elaborate factual information about any past experiences including childhood sexual abuse. Techniques of regression therapy including 'age regression' and hypnotic regression are of unproven effectiveness.
[d] Forceful or persuasive interviewing techniques are not acceptable in psychiatric practice. Doctors should be aware that patients are susceptible to subtle suggestions and reinforcements whether these communications are intended or unintended.
[e] The psychiatrist should normally explore his or her doubts with the patient about the accuracy of recovered memories of previously totally forgotten sexual abuse�.. Memories, however emotionally intense and significant to the individual do not necessarily reflect factual events.

Further sections of the advice will appear in a later edition.



Coming out of the Shadows

Dear friends

It is that time of the year again when we need to reflect on the progress made during the previous twelve months and make plans for the future. I remember a discussion we had in committee at the Maroochydore Conference two years ago when the question was asked, "How long will AFMA be needed?" I remember suggesting five years. Well, with two down and three to go, clearly my estimate was na�ve. It is clear that we have a very long struggle ahead before the "memory wars" are over. This war has been unseen but nevertheless deadly. The beliefs and ideologies which underpin the continued use of recovered memory therapies are still widely held in the helping professions, both in the private and public sectors. As in the USA the professions generally have not been in the vanguard of the struggle, but rather operating well behind the lines, opting for the role of passive observer rather than active participant. No doubt because of this non-engagement and their perceived ambivalence, politicians have been able to ignore us, and promote the much more electorally popular image of concern for law and order under the guise of care. No doubt there have been extremes at both ends of the debate but we have tried very hard to position AFMA responsibly: that is in a sane and sensible position guided by good science and not emotionally or ideologically driven beliefs. Sadly those who have followed the latter course appear to have largely controlled the agenda thus far. While it can be fairly said that all of us have been caught up in some sort of madness where the whole range of our emotional responses are sorely tested, it is extremely important that the AFMA continues to present the public face of reason and integrity. Whatever legal and administrative structure we decide is best to take AFMA forward into the next century, safeguards must be firmly in place to ensure that this position is maintained. To do less could undermine the important process in which we are involved, would threaten the stability of our organisation and, no doubt, assist in prolonging the war which has already cost precious lives and destroyed so many ordinary Australian families.

Reaching our Aims and Objectives
Let us be clear about our purpose. Our purpose is to get our stolen children back. Our purpose is to obtain justice for ourselves and our families and to restore sanity where insanity now prevails. If I may quote from the latest FMSF Newsletter: "Child abuse is not the issue. Child abuse is a reprehensible crime that civilised society should work to eliminate. The issue is misinformation and the misuse of science."
How successful has the AFMA been so far in reaching our important goals? It is now more than five years since the AFMA joined the battle, and as we look back it is important to recognise the enormous contributions made by so many dedicated people. Many can't be named for obvious reasons. Still we thank them sincerely. However I must thank on behalf of all our members these people in particular: the Curtis family, the Elson family, the Forsberg and Godwin families. These and many others have given unselfishly of their time and energy, and at great personal cost, emotionally, financially and to the detriment of their health. We must not forget those most seriously affected throughout this nightmare have been the vulnerable: those seeking help from therapists because of life problems, and the older members of our community, many of whom are already facing health problems. It has taken great courage and determination, particularly in the early years to get AFMA established. I believe we are now reaching the stage where we will become a real force in the debate in this country. We are indeed coming out of the shadows.

Developing Relationships
The AFMA has been successful in forging valuable relationships with some outstanding professionals and academics thus far. This partnership has undoubtedly been a cornerstone of our success and I thank the few who have shown the courage and integrity to stand alongside us. We are developing more important contacts, particularly in the media. Our recent success in exposing the destructive practices which have been used for the last decade or more by the Anglican Counselling service in Sydney has been a watershed. The extra pressure thus applied may well have forced their hand in banning the use of regression therapies. However, it remains to be seen whether they go far enough to ensure their public commitment is effective and whether they offer appropriate assistance and reparation to damaged families. I must here pay tribute to Ross Hall for his enormous courage in speaking out. He has been vilified and accused of being a traitor by some people within his church. Although others have been supportive, Ross has no doubt suffered some pain. We will watch developments with interest. We have evidence of the widespread use of recovered memory therapies across all denominations. We also see of the growing use of pseudo-psychology or "psych-babble" amongst the more fundamentalist groups. I believe this development is particularly sinister. The continuing endorsement of the validity of massive repression of traumatic memories by many academics and professionals helps to give them credibility. Surely this is a very dangerous liaison indeed.

Major Goals
There were two major goals set for the last year:
1] To raise the public profile of the AFMA;
2] To greatly increase our membership base.
Given that we are a voluntary shoestring organisation we can be proud of having reached both of those goals. Our financial membership has increased four-fold and I am getting calls as a result of the White Pages entry and the advertisements run by the Sydney and Canberra groups, as well as the publicity via TV and print media.

Higher Profile
Our higher profile has resulted in a growing workload with new cases being reported on a consistent basis. At the time of this letter my records show fifty three new families reporting false allegations since September last year. I am aware of eight cases before the courts. One person has been sentenced to seven years goal this year, and I am aware of five other people who have been imprisoned, two of whom are still incarcerated. I am aware of eighteen cases which we have good reason to believe are wrongful imprisonments. They were convicted on uncorroborated evidence. Five of those have been acquitted on appeal. One extraordinary case involves an inmate convicted of rape who has recovered false memories while receiving psychological treatment in gaol. As if his family didn't have enough to deal with already!

A Wider Problem
Given the fact that the AFMA has not been widely recognised [though this is changing] I think it is reasonable to suggest that the figures at our disposal represent an indication of a much larger problem. I have also had many approaches from families devastated by false allegations stemming from other causes. My only real alternative has been to refer them on to other agencies for help. The totality of these cases is strongly indicative of a growing trend where people are being prosecuted on meagre evidence, with one person's word against another.
In particular, where there is a long time delay involved authorities should be expected to place more weight on clear corroborated evidence. Failing to do so, despite the public demand for action on paedophilia, will inevitably result in more social devastation. I believe we have the right to expect the justice system to rise above negative social influence on its deliberations. Ignorance by the legal fraternity is still endemic. However with our web site coming on line an important educational tool will be available to us and with the TV commercial soon to begin showing we may expect our contacts to grow.
Another area of concern indicative of the magnitude of the problem relates to sexual assault centres, rape and incest crisis centres, women's refuges and their support groups. Many of these places are enthusiastic supporters of Bass & Davis "The Courage to Heal". We have reports of parents being invited to these places to be devastated and humiliated, without warning and without support, by a litany of allegations of child abuse. These accusations are now being made public. Consider the recent Melbourne Age article entitled "Two Parents'Agony", where the daughter's allegations included being abused in a past life and as a foetus. These bizarre allegations stemming from beliefs held by sexual assault counsellors, reinforced by their philosophy of always believing the client, are surely grounds for concern.
While defending their actions, these counsellors have made an abhorrent public attack on us. By claiming that our aim is to make it easier for offenders to perpetrate this most abhorrent of crimes, they have clearly harmed their own position. Perhaps it reveals a measure of desperation on their part and will assist in further highlighting the need for an open public enquiry into these pernicious therapies.
Another grave area of concern involves the continued diagnosis of Multiple Personality Disorder or what is now referred to as Dissociative Identity Disorder [DID}. Very grave doubts about the validity of this illness are now emerging. I am aware of one private hospital where a whole ward has been set aside for the treatment of this illness.

The Future
On the brighter side I am now aware of six retractors, plus an increasing number of returners. Sadly only two of those feel able to come forward at this stage although my own daughter has already taken that brave step. There are also several cases where families are suing therapists and I believe that more are in the pipeline. The forces arrayed against are formidable but if we direct our energies in a constructive and properly informed manner, we can play an important role in ridding our society of this madness. We must maintain our pressure on the decision-makers, the professions and the politicians, to ensure that a much higher standard of care is provided to vulnerable people in our society. Irresponsible and untrained counsellors wreaking havoc are not exclusively responsible, as some would have is believe. It is at all levels of the helping and caring community in this country. Our task is to expose it wherever it may be and help to educate the unaware.
This issue will not go away until justice is done. We must now begin to pressure the government for a Royal Commission to investigate every facet of this debacle. One falsely accused person, one family financially and emotionally ruined, one person wrongfully gaoled is one too many in a democratic society which prides itself on the notions of a fair go and of mateship.
I know we can count on your continued support and I look forward to playing my part in the struggle ahead.





Rwanda, Kosovo, East Timor.
The situations in our world, which evoke the sympathy, the wish to be involved, to assist in a resolution or a peacemaking by the Australian community, are so painfully common. In many cases they evoke feelings of frustration and anger. When the militia in East Timor entered their murderous phase Australians immediately bombarded the Indonesian Embassy and the Australian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister with demands for immediate positive action.

This response reflects a wish, indeed a need, in the Australian people to see "a fair go" implemented in other countries in the same way that we believe it appropriate in our own community. Whether we call it a fair go, or human rights, or appeal to a religious or humanist philosophy, Australians broadly wish for an equitable world in which conflict is managed through peaceful means in the interests not just of the majority, but of all. We ache to hear and see families torn apart, people killed, maimed or mentally wounded, no matter where they are or who they are.

Are the above comments the reality in Australia today or the fantasy of an emotional do-gooder?

The Anglican Church has recently released a report into its Counselling Centre which was reported on by the ABC's 7.30 Report. The Church's media release reveals that the Counselling Centre has been found wanting in a number of areas. The report recommends that

  • "counsellors who engage in Clinical Counselling have professional registration or membership as psychologists, social workers or equivalent";
  • "the Centre not be involved in cases involving "recovered" [or "enhanced"] "memories" of abuse".

The report points out that the use of counselling practices which seek to elicit repressed memories "can also damage and cause decomposition into frank mental illness, or breakdown of relationships, which might not otherwise have occurred." It further states that the "actual training, qualifications or experience of the counsellors who are engaged in such therapies is not adequate. This increases the risk that such counselling may cause harm - to the client and/or to third parties such as family members or friends."

The final nail into the coffin of the recovered memory therapists was the statement in the report: "However in the absence of corroboration one way or the other, it is impossible to know whether such "recovered memories" are related to real historical events or not."

Ross Hall, a senior office holder in the Anglican Church, is to be congratulated for his courage in leading the way in investigating the practices of their Counselling Centres and in bringing forward a report that is clearly related to the Australian notions of a "fair go". All our community organisations, which seek to alleviate the problems inherent in the human condition, would do well to consider very seriously the need to enquire into the philosophies and practices of their social service sector, to ensure that damaging practices are identified and steps are taken to eliminate them. Further, there must be procedures implemented to support the reconciliation of damaged relationships.

May all the churches, charities and governments, who are involved in counselling provision, follow the lead so strikingly set by the Anglican Diocese of Sydney! Which one will be next?



Australian NEWS

St John of God Seminar

On 7 July 1999 my husband and I attended the St John of God Hospital at Burwood, NSW, for a Seminar entitled False Memories? The Recovered Memory Debate Explored: Implications for Therapeutic Practice. The Seminar was directed towards mental health clinicians, especially those who work, or will be working in the field of trauma [eg. psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, mental health nurses].

The facilitators were Dr Marta Morawiecka, Robert Brooks and Leah Giarratano.

Dr Morawiecka, a Consultant Psychiatrist who works in a practice in the Blue Mountains west of Sydney and at the St John of God Hospital, Richmond, stated that two totally opposing conclusions had been reached: recovered memories are false and cannot be relied on; recovered memories are true and can be relied on]. The two camps that hold these beliefs remain in total opposition to each other, with little or no meeting in middle ground. Dr Morawiecka then proceeded to present studies and information that supported both sides of the argument.

She finished her presentation by saying that in the present climate of litigation against counsellors, and debate about the reliability of recovered memory, there is a danger of too little being done for the patient. She said that she was no longer comfortable in treating her patients with hypnosis, or suggesting to them that they may have been abused if they present with symptoms which strongly suggest to her the possibility that they may have been abused, or referring them on to group meetings. She suggested that if the medical profession 'does too little' this can lead to a loss of skills, knowledge base, and the ability to freely express opinions.

Robert Brooks, Research Psychologist who has worked in prisons, TAFE and as a child protection worker, said that he has been intensively studying what is known by science about memory. The purpose of his presentation was to summarise aspects of normal memory that may be relevant to questions of false memory. Interesting points that he made were:

  • Memory is generally very accurate
  • No absolute position is possible regarding false memory versus recovered memory
  • Long term memory can be disrupted by a variety of mechanisms
  • Not until 36-42 months do children start to provide reasonably coherent narrative about past experience.

Brooks cautioned his audience that if a patient presented being able to describe abuse that occurred to him/her prior to 36-42 months of age then the therapist should regard with suspicion the validity of the events that the patient is reporting.

Leah Giarratano, Clinical Psychologist, works at St John of God Hospitals. She was the program coordinator. Some of the questions that she addressed were: "Can we forget a traumatic event?" Answer: yes. "Can therapy create false memories?" If so "does this happen easily and frequently? What types of people are more likely to develop false memories? What types of therapeutic beliefs, practices and procedures are most likely to produce false memories?"

Among the conclusions were:

  • Trauma can lead to extremes of retention and forgetting;
  • Once memories are accessed they are subject to error and distortion;
  • Memory completeness and accuracy shouldn't be confused;
  • The accuracy of a memory cannot be predicted by how vivid/detailed or distressing it is, or by the confidence with which the person believes it to be true;
  • Facts on memory have been determined through experimental memory research and have resulted in the conclusion that "without corroborating evidence, discriminating true from false memories is virtually impossible" [Hyman and Loftus, 1997];
  • False memories can be created.

In discussing whether there was a danger of the therapist doing too much Giarratano cautioned the audience:

  • Against providing suggestions to the patient;
  • Having awareness that the therapist was a figure of authority;
  • Suggestions from a figure of authority carry more weight than from others;
  • Leading the patient should never be done during hypnosis;
  • The therapist should never say that the patient would not get better until memories have been recovered.

During the concluding question session, my husband asked, "Do you have any advice for someone who has been falsely accused of incest?" Giarratano said that she had not seen any studies on this problem and none of the three people who conducted the seminar had any thing to offer and the question was put to the audience. A lecturer in psychology from Sydney University advised my husband not to litigate against the counsellor and suggested that he keep the lines of communication open with his daughter. Another audience member said, as a general comment, that false accusations of abuse were causing devastation in families. As a final comment the facilitators suggested that my husband go to counselling himself.

Whilst trying to give an overview of the seminar, I have selected from the day-long presentations the points of interest to me and our family. There was of course much more that is not reported here. In fairness it must be said that my summation of the day involves my strong bias towards the view that recovered memory may be false and cannot be relied upon.

Author's name withheld for privacy reasons.



A former Crusader: an alleged Paedophile

The following story is drawn from the Courier-Mail, Brisbane, 4/9/99. It is not a quotation except where indicated.

John Warner became well known in the last years of his life as a prominent campaigner against child sexual abuse perpetrated by priests and religious in the Catholic Church. He claimed to have been raped by a Brother in a Marist Brothers' home for boys in Sydney. He received $30,000 in compensation from the Church.

"He wrecked my marriage because I didn't know how to be married," Warner said. "I could not hug my own children. I could not tell my own children 'this is what this man's done to me'."

"Warner's public relations skills, media outspokenness and aggressive lobbying had embarrassed the church and helped to shine an unwavering light on some of the darkest chapters in its recent history."

Warner had been married and divorced, having two sets of twins in the marriage. He had been in a second relationship during the last eighteen years of his life and his partner declared that he regarded her children and grand children as his "real family".

However, none of his natural children attended his funeral, at which the eulogies were full of praise for the man who had told his own story and worked hard to encourage others who had been sexually abused as children to come forward and tell theirs.

His children had a different story to tell.

"Warner's daughters say they could not speak out before because they feared he would hunt them down and kill them or their own children.
'This is the only justice I have ever had over him in my whole life,' said Michelle, breaking down repeatedly while describing how her father ruined innocent, young lives.
'I worried for other people around him who wouldn't have known what he did to us. But there was nothing we could do. He was vicious and he would have come after us if we had done anything. We all lived in fear.'
Angel said: 'We did not doubt in the least that he would turn up on our doorstep with a shotgun or a large knife if we had said or done
anything to dent his image. When he was on the news campaigning over sexual abuse I wanted to tell everyone he was a hypocritical and dangerous bastard. I wanted to say "How dare you preach about the rights of victims after what you have done to us?" but I was too damn scared. We did not want him to know that we existed. He was great at camouflaging himself to make people believe that what they saw was the real him. He abused us out of a control thing. We were there and we were his
and he could do what he wanted with us. I first realised something was wrong when I went to school and none of the other kids were talking
about what their daddies did to them in the bedroom. He would say "I'll tell Mum that you have not been doing what you're told and she will feel terrible that you are not being a very good girl for Daddy". I will never forgive him for the severe damage he has caused. All of
us have had a nervous breakdown at one time or another. If he had stepped in front of my car I would not have braked. The day he died, my husband and my children and I sat down and enjoyed a very fine bottle of wine. Ecstatic is the way I felt.'
Yvette said she had unwittingly repressed recollections of her childhood: 'But I have flashes of memory of absolute fear and he
affected me to the extent that I tried to commit suicide at the ages of four, seven and 11.'"

The children were supported by the Brisbane "clinical associate professor of psychiatry Dr Warwick Middleton who treated Michelle for several years and received her permission to talk publicly. 'He would sexually abuse her and tell her that so long as she acquiesced he would not do it to her sisters, and he would say the same to them.
His mistreatment of Michelle has had an absolutely profound impact on her life. She had an awful childhood characterised by neglect and physical and sexual abuse.'"

Warner's daughter, Michelle, lodged a complaint with police which resulted in Warner's being placed on the police file since February, 1997 as a suspected sexual offender. Michelle claims that she did not proceed with a prosecution because of fear of what her father might do on becoming aware of the prosecution. (AFMA comment)

We now have a case where adult children [one of whom declares that she remembers the abuse due to flashbacks of repressed memory] accuse their father of horrific abuse. This accusation is accepted unquestioningly by the reporter in the Courier - Mail. It appears to be supported by the police, but the police did not proceed with a prosecution, despite the fact that they take the initiative in such matters, not the complainant.

What are we to believe?

"Govt services" and two parents agony

Melbourne Age 4/9/99
By Maree Curtis

Even now, nearly a year later, they find it hard to describe what they were feeling. They can talk about the things that led to the meeting. How a couple years earlier their daughter had cut all ties with them, changed her name and joined an alternative lifestyle group.
And they can talk about the room where the meeting took place. It didn't look like a room in the Monash Medical Centre: it was decorated with veils and burning candles. But the parents find it almost impossible to talk about how it felt to sit and listen to their daughter accuse them of vile crimes.
They and other family members had abused her, the daughter said, physically and sexually. She had even been abused as a foetus, and raped in a past life. She had suppressed these events and had only recovered the memories through "healing" meditation sessions with her "counsellors".
In late 1996 the woman cut all ties with her family. In May last year the couple saw her picture in a newsletter from a "counselling and meditation" centre run by a former marketing consultant. The newsletter, from the Tantra Centre in South Yarra, described their daughter as "our resident belly come exotic dance star".
Then, last October their daughter wrote to them asking them to attend a meeting at the Centre Against Sexual Assault at Monash Medical Centre.
At the meeting conducted by two social workers, the young woman read out her charges against her parents. The couple was outraged that the CASA workers uncritically accepted their daughter's allegations.
"We could not believe our eyes," said the parents in a written statement of complaint to the Health Services Commissioner, Beth Wilson. "We were shocked, devastated, hysterical. We asked [one of the CASA workers] Carolyn [Worth] what was happening, how can she allow this? To sit through and apparently condone an unsubstantiated attack then allow her counsellor and client to leave without any need or responsibility to discuss or be questioned."
The couple say they were refused information about the purpose of the meeting. They were not permitted to bring their own counsellor or to speak to their daughter after she made the allegations. Worth, the meeting facilitator, has admitted in a letter to the parents that she met their daughter "only five minutes before the session".
The parents also allege that CASA was unaware of their daughter's involvement in the alternative group's healing sessions and was apparently uninterested in considering such events or pursuing any action over them. The episode raises disturbing questions about the role of some alternative lifestyle groups, the phenomenon of repressed memory in allegations of sexual abuse and the role of CASA in unquestioningly accepting these allegations. Psychologist, Louise Samways, who has taken up the case of the parents strongly criticises the behaviour of the two social workers who conducted the meeting. And a barrister and professor of law at La Trobe University, Ian Freckelton, warns that the centre risks legal action by conducting such meetings. Freckelton, who prosecuted the Children of God in 1992, says repressed memory of sexual abuse has been largely discredited and workers who have held similar meetings in the US have been sued.
Monash Medical Centre, to which the south eastern unit of CASA is attached, refused The Age permission to interview a CASA representative or any hospital manager. In a written statement, the hospital stated that "staff are all professional trained and undertake additional ongoing professional development regarding sexual abuse. The [CASA} service includes psychiatric, psychological, medical, nursing and community education expertise.
The service does not accept referrals from people with no memories of sexual assault, it only sees people reporting a clear experience of sexual abuse." The statement expressed concern that the family was unhappy.
Jo Fuller, public officer for the Victorian CASA Forum, defends the practice of believing victims. She says CASA units see people daily who claim to have recovered memories of sexual abuse, and disputes Freckelton's view that there is no scientific evidence for repressed memory of abuse. "Twenty-five years ago people didn't believe sexual assault against children happened either," she says.
The couple had held out so much hope for the meeting. When their daughter asked them to the meeting, the parents felt that at last she was seeking mainstream help.
When they lost contact with their daughter, the couple consulted psychologist, Louise Samways after reading her book, Dangerous Persuaders. The book details the methods used by gurus, personal development courses and cults to influence people.
"There are so many hundreds of these little groups out there," says Samways. "The techniques described to me by [the couple] are classic, healing sessions and meditation that goes on for hours and cutting people off from their families."
The Tantra Centre which featured the young woman in its newsletter is run by Ian Oshlack who now also calls himself Rajeev. In a conversation with The Age he said the young woman was a "personal friend" who was "absolutely not" connected with the centre. He said she had been engaged to dance at the function where the picture was taken. He then said "she has actually come here and facilitated workshops".
Repressed or recovered memory is based on Freud's theories of the unconscious, says Royal Melbourne neuro-psychologist, Dr Andrew Gibbs. The theory has it that traumatic events are repressed because they are too painful to remember. Families have been ripped apart as a result of false recovered memories, says Gibbs, who is on the professional advisory board of the Australian False Memory Association.

[Edited to reduce space.]


AFMA holds successful seminar

Melbourne, Victoria, 18/9/99

More than sixty people attended the seminar and Annual General Meeting held at the Unitarian Church, Melbourne, on Saturday, 18 September. Following the President's welcome participants heard paper's read by Dr Andrew Gibbs, a member of AFMA's Advisory Board on the subject of Memory Mechanisms and Moral Panic, by Phillip Priest QC on The Devil Sometimes Appears as a Barrister! and by Gordon Waugh of New Zealand's Casualties of Sexual Allegations, on The New Zealand Scene.

Full details of the papers read will appear in the next issue.

AFMA holds successful seminar

Sydney Morning Herald 17/9/99

A drop in calls to Operation Paradox have police concerned that community apathy could cause many children to suffer on-going sexual abuse. �..only 475 calls were recorded yesterday, down from 764 last year.

Child Protection Agency Commander John Heslop said the rural response appeared better than the city's, mainly due to strong media support in regional areas����.

Police had not made any arrests but were following up several leads, including one case in which a woman called because she believed her husband was abusing their daughter.

The agency made 485 arrests and 2361 charges on child protection matters last year.

One can only wonder how many of the arrests and charges resulted in convictions, how many convictions were based on uncorroborated evidence and how many calls were malicious reports by partners wishing to obtain custody of the children in relationship break-ups�ED

Readers interested in supporting those caught up in the justice system may wish to volunteer to assist at the Visitor's House at Sydney's Long Bay Gaol. Visitor's House is a drop in centre for family and friends of prisoners when they come to visit and operates on Sundays from 10 am to 3 pm.
Ring Lyn Bond or Donna Elazzi for further information on 02 9564 1643.



 | Part2 | Part3 |

Australian False Memory
    Association (Incorporated)

Australian False Memory Association
Caring for Families and Individuals

Email the AFMA at false.memory@bigpond.com

PO Box 74
Campbelltown SA 5074

Ph: 1300 88 88 77

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